A.I. Ivanov1,3,4, V.A. Popov2, M.V. Burmistrov2,3, A.N. Chugunov4, M.A. Nazmeev2, R.R. Zaynutdinov2

1Republican Clinical Oncology Dispensary of Ministry of Healthcare of Tatarstan Republic named after prof. M.Z. Sigal, Kazan

2Republican Clinical Hospital, Kazan

3Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Institute of Fundamental Medicine and Biology, Kazan

4Kazan State Medical Academy ― Branch Campus of the FSBEI FPE RMACPE MOH Russia, Kazan

Popov Vladimir A. ― endoscopist of the Department of Endoscopy, researcher of the research department of the Republican Clinical Hospital

138 Orenburskiy tract, building A, Kazan, 420064, Russian Federation, tel. +7-999-156-88-20, e-mail: lyapac@mail.ru

Abstract. The history of esophageal stenting is a long and complex path of development and improvement. More than 130 years have passed since the first success, when J. Saymonds was able to save a pregnant woman from starvation by inserting a rubber tube into the esophagus. Since then, stents have been repeatedly and painstakingly improved. Inventors of stents in their developments were looking for the optimal compromise between efficiency in resolving dysphagia and limiting the level of complications. The search for the «ideal» esophageal stent continues to this day. The article presents a long historical path of evolution of esophageal stents, from an ivory tube to modern self-expanding shape memory nitinol stents.

Key words: esophageal cancer, esophageal stenting, history of esophageal stenting.