O.A. Perl'mutter1, A.V. Yarikov1,2,4, I.I. Smirnov1, A.P. Fraerman1, A.E. Simonov1, S.V. Nikolenko1

1City Clinical Hospital №39, Nizhny Novgorod

2Volga Region District Medical Center of FMBA Russia, Nizhny Novgorod

3City Clinical Hospital №13, Nizhny Novgorod

4Regional Diagnostic Center, Vladimir

Perlmutter Olga A. ― D. Sc. (Medicine), Professor, neurosurgeon of City Clinical Hospital №39 and University Clinic of Volga Region Research Medical University

144 Moscow highway, Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation, 603028, e-mail: oaperlmutter@gmail.com

Abstract. This article presents a review of the literature on spinal arachnoid cysts. Theories of the origin and clinical picture of these diseases are presented. Classifications of spinal arachnoid cysts are described in detail. An important role is assigned to the methods of diagnosis and treatment of this pathology.

Key words: spinal arachnoid cysts, Tarlov cysts, sacral meningocele, extradural arachnoid cysts.