V.E. Fedorov1, V.V. Maslyakov2, M.Yu. Cheburkaeva3
1Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Saratov
2Saratov Medical University “REAVIZ”, Saratov
3Saratov City Clinical Hospital No.2 named after V.I. Razumovsky, Saratov
Fedorov V.E. – D. Sc. (medicine), Professor of the Department of Surgery and Oncology of Institute of Saratov State Medical University named after V.I. Razumovsky of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
112 Bolshaya Kazachya St., Saratov 410012, tel. + 7-903-381-28-72, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In the article the questions of development of complications after surgical interventions in patients with breast cancer are considered. The factors most often predisposing to complications are both the malignant tumor itself and other factors: age with serious concomitant diseases, immunosuppression, activation of peptide peroxidation, increased levels of angiogenesis factors. The identified postoperative complications in breast cancer are systematized for local ones in the form of bleeding, lymphorrhea and pyoinflammatory processes, and common: thromboembolism of pulmonary artery, myocardial infarction, blood stroke, thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities. Then, using mathematical modeling, the test for predicting postoperative complications was created, representing a computer program containing the most important risk factors.
Key words: breast cancer, postoperative complications, classification.