I.R. Aglullin1,2, M.I. Aglullin1, F.I. Didakunan1, T.I. Aglullin1, I.A. Kamalov1
1Tatarstan Cancer Center, Kazan
2Kazan State Medical Academy — Branch Campus of the FSBEI FPE RMACPE MOH, Kazan
Kamalov I.A. ― PhD (Medicine), oncologist of the Tatarstan Cancer Center
29 Sibirskiy Trakt, Kazan, Russian Federation, 420029, tel.: +7-917-267-55-11, (843) 519-27-03, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Abstract. A transperineal ultrasound study was performed on 56 patients who underwent abdomino-anal resection of the rectum with the descending. Defects of the internal anal sphincter were detected in 26 patients. Of these, 2 patients additionally had lesions of the external sphincter. All 26 patients with sphincter lesions had anal incontinence (5 patients ― I degree; 19 patients ― II degree; 2 patients ― III degree). Among 30 patients who had no sphincter defects with echography, only three had anal degree I incontinence. The leading cause of anal incontinence is damage to the internal sphincter of the rectum.
Кеу words: internal anal sphincter, transperineal ultrasound, anal incontinence.